Leadership can be defined as the act of leading a group of people or a people. In this article, I will tackle the five types of leadershiptheir meaning as well. Thus, leading also requires different kinds of approach that also depends on the followers or even the settings of the place that is why there are several types of leadership that emerge in the different landscape.
The different types also define the leader’s own perspective of leading the people based on the skills, knowledge, capabilitieseven the philosophical perspective of the leader.
Below are the five types that are common in the aspect of leadership worldwide:
- DEMOCRATIC LEADERSHIP
A democratic type of leadership is a participative type of management that every time there is a decision to be made, a thing called voting must be done in order to reach a solution based on the highest rate of the vote. Many people are engaged in this leadership style because it requires many people to be involved in not just one but many to make a decision. The shared responsibility is said to a successful one in leading by simply asking for suggestions for the betterment of the outcome.
- PATERNALISTIC LEADERSHIP
“Father as leader of the home”
In this type of management in which the leader has the traits of being the fatherly characteristics that can be found at home. Being the father as the head of the family provides the followers with a sort of reward. However, this type of leadership is not being patronized around the world because of the followers do not like this type of leadership that they will be managed by a Godfather. But, in the country of Japan, this kind of leadership works so well that even today it is still being in use.
- AUTHORITARIAN LEADERSHIP
This type of leadership is a one-rule, meaning that there is only one human being that will serve as the leader. Thus, this kind of leader do not consult from other people given the power to make decisions alonehas the full control of the group.
Hence, according to Douglas McGregor’s philosophical views about this kind of leadership is that people will workfunction properly if there is someone higher to lay objectiveseven coerce the subordinates. This philosophical view to humanity receives many critics from other scholars who said that this type of view is not a humanitarian in the sense at all especially if it involves forceintimidation against other’s will.
- TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP
Transforming or changing type of leadership based upon the convention to improve the management. The flexibility of the leader is the thing that is required as well as the followers or the subordinate. Also, a certain relationship that must emerge for the group to function well.
- BUREAUCRATIC LEADERSHIP
The book is the most powerful tool for this type of leadership in which it is the thing that they seek if they want answers to their questioneven serve as the master.
Hence, the given sample types of leadership in this article are just the common, there are still varieties of leadership that can be found. Thus, whatever the type of leadership being used as long as the leaderthe followers or the subordinate works in a harmonious way better goals will be achieved.